Consequences of DUI in Washington

Court — DUI Sentencing Grid

(RCW 46.61.5055 as amended through August 1,2012 •Forward

BAC Result < .15 or No Test ResultNo Prior Offense1One Prior Offense1Two or Three Prior Offenses1
Mandatory Minimum
/Maximum Jail Time2
24 Consecutive Hours/364 Days30/364 Days90/364 Days
EHM/Jail Alternative 215 Days in Lieu of Jail60 Days Mandatory/
4 Days Jail Min.
120 Days Mandatory/
8 Days Jail Min.
Mandatory Minimum
/Maximum Fine3
$940.50/$5,000
4059.50/5000
$1,195.50/$5,000
3804.5/5000
$2,045.50/$5,000
2954.50/5000
If Passenger Under 16 Minimum/Range4$1,000/$1,000-$5,000+ assessments$1,000/$2,000-$5,000+ assessments$1, 000/$3,000-$10,000 + assessments
Driver's License**90-Day Suspension2-Year Revocation3-Year Revocation
II Driver's License*
II Device
DOL imposedDOL imposedDOL imposed
If Passenger Under 16 II Device6 Months6 Months6 Months
Alcohol/Drug Ed.Nictim Impact or TreatmentAs OrderedAs OrderedAs Ordered

**Driver's license minimum suspension/revocation. DOL may impose more.

BAC Result '= .15 or Test RefusalNo Prior Offense1One Prior Offense1Two or Three Prior Offenses1
Mandatory Minimum/Maximum Jail Time22 Consecutive/364 Days45/364 Days120/364 Days
EHM/Jail Alternative230 Days in Lieu of Jail90 Days Mandatory/ 6 Days Jail Min.150 Days Mandatory/ 10 Days Jail Min.
Mandatory Minimum/
Maximum Fine3
$1,195.50/$5,000
3804.5/5000
$1,620.50/$5,000
3379.5/5000
$2,895.50/$5,000
2104.5/5000
If Passenger Under 16 Minimum/Range4$1,000/$1,000-$5,000 + assessments$1,000/$2,000-$5,000 + assessments$1, 000/$3,000-$10,000 + assessments
Driver's License**1-Year Revocation 2 Years if BAC refused900-Days Revocation 3 Years if BAC refused4-Year Revocation
II Driver's License* II DeviceDOL imposedDOL imposedDOL imposed
If Passenger Under 16 II Device6 Months6 Months6 Months
Alcohol/Drug Ed.Nictim Impact or TreatmentAs OrderedAs OrderedAs Ordered

**Driver's license minimum suspension/revocation. DOL may impose more.

Department of Licensing Required Ignition Interlock Device Requirements, RCW 46.20.720(3), (4) as amended through August 1,2012*
RequirementNo Previous Restriction - no less than:Previous 1-Year Restriction - no less than:Previous 5-Year Restriction - no less than:
II Device1 Year5 Years10 Years
Restriction effective, until 110 vendor certifies to DOL that none of the following occurred within four months prior to date of release: an attempt to start the vehicle with a BAC of .04 or more; failure to take or pass any required retest; failure of the person to aooear at the llD vendor when required.

*See Court and Department of L1censmg (DOL) Ignition Interlock Requirements, page 4.

1Prior Offenses: Count all prior offenses where the arrest date of the prior offense occurred within seven years before or after the arrest date on the current offense. RCW 46.61.5055(14)(b). "Prior offense" is defined by RCW 46.61.5055(14)(a) to include -

  • Original Convictions for the following: (1) DUI (RCW 46.61.502) (or an equivalent local ordinance); (2) Phys. Cont. (RCW 46.61.504) (or an equivalent local ordinance); (3) Veh. Homicide {RCW 46.61.520) or Veh. Assault {RCW 46.61.522) if either committed while under the influence; {4) Equiv. out-of-state statute for any of the above offenses.
  • Deferred Prosecution Granted for the following: 1) DUI (RCW 46.61.502) {or equivalent local ordinance); (2) Phys. Cont. (RCW 46.61.504) (or equiv. local ordinance); (3) Neg. Driving 1st (RCW 46.61.5249, or equiv. local ord.), if the person was originally charged with DUI or Phys. Cont. (or an equiv. local ord.), or Veh. Hom. (RCW 46.61.520) or Veh. Assault (RCW 46.61.522). An equivalent out-of-state deferred prosecution for DUI or Phys. Contr., including a chemical dependency treatment program. If a deferred prosecution is revoked based on a subsequent conviction for an offense listed in RCW 46.61.5055(14)(a), the subsequent conviction shall not be treated as a prior offense of the revoked deferred prosecution for the purposes of sentencing.
  • Amended Convictions for the following: If originally charged with DUI or Phys. Cont. or an equivalent local ordinance, or Veh. Hom. (RCW 46.61.520) or Veh. Assault (RCW 46.61.522); but convicted of (1) Neg. Driving 1st (RCW 46.61.5249), (2) Reckless Driving (RCW 46.61.500), (3) Reckless Endangerment (RCW 9A.36.050), (4) Equiv. out-of-state or local ordinance for the above offenses. If originally charged with Veh. Hom. (RCW 46.61.520) or Veh. Assault (RCW 46.61.522) committed while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug; but convicted of Veh.Hom. or Veh. Assault committed in a reckless manner or with the disregard for the safety of others.

2Mandatory Jail and Electronic Home Monitoring (EHM): If there are prior offenses with an arrest date within seven years before or after the arrest date of the current offense, the mandatory jail shall be served by imprisonment for the minimum statutory term and may not be suspended or deferred unless the court finds that Imposition of this mandatory minimum sentence would impose a substantial risk to the offender's physical or mental well-being. The mandatory statutory term may not be converted to EHM. Where there are no prior offenses within seven years, the court may grant EHM instead of mandatory minimum jail. If there are prior offenses, the mandatory EHM may not be suspended or deferred unless the court finds that imposition of this mandatory minimum sentence would impose a substantial risk to the offender's physical or mental well-being. Instead of mandatory EHM, the court may order additional jail time. RCW 46.61.5055(1), (2), (3).

Mandatory Conditions of Probation for any Suspended Jail Time: The individual is not to: (i) drive a motor vehicle without a valid license to drive and proof of financial responsibility (SR 22), {ii) drive while having an alcohol concentration of .08 or more within two hours after driving, (iii) refuse to submit to a test of his or her breath or blood to determine alcohol concentration upon request of a law enforcement-officer who has reasonable grounds to believe the person was driving or was in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor. Except for ignition interlock driver's license and device or alcohol monitoring requirements under RCW 46.61.5055(5), violation of any mandatory condition, requires a minimum penalty of 30 days' confinement, which may not be suspended or deferred, and an additional 30-day license suspension. RCW 46.61.5055( 11). Courts are required to report violations of mandatory conditions requiring confinement or license suspension to DOL. RCW 46.61.5055.

3Mandatorv Monetary Penalty: PSEA 1, RCW 3.62.090(1); Alcohol Violators Fee, RCW 46.61.5054; Criminal Justice Funding {CJF) Penalty, RCW 46.64.055 (Note: RCW 3.62.090(1) and 2) apply to CJF penalty); Criminal Conviction Fee, RCW 3.62.085.

4If Passenger Under 16: The interpretation of RCW 46.61.5055(6) is unsettled. Some interpret it as setting a new mandatory minimum and maximum fine, replacing a fine in RCW 46.61.5055(1) - (3). Some interpret it as a fine that is in addition to one of those fines. Apply applicable assessments.

Felony DUI and Felony Physical Control: A current offense is a Class C felony punished under Ch.9.94 A RCW if the defendant has (a) four prior convictions within ten years, or (b) one prior conviction of Veh. Homicide or Veh. Assault, or (c) a prior Class C felony resulting from a or b. "Within ten years" means that the arrest for the prior offense occurred within ten years before or after the arrest for the current offense. RCW 46.61.5055(14)(c).

Jurisdiction: Court has five years jurisdiction.

Department of Licensing - DUI Administrative Sanctions and Reinstatement Provisions

(As amended through August 1,2012)

ADMINISTRATIVE SANCTIONS – RCW 46.20.3101
REFUSED TESTFirst Refusal Within 7 Years No Prior Administrative Action Within Past 7 Years*Second or Subsequent Refusal Within Past 7 Years OR First Refusal And At Least One Prior Administrative Action Within Past 7 Years*
Adult1-Year License Revocation2-Year License Revocation
Minor1-Year License Revocation2-Year License Revocation Or Until Age 21 Whichever Is Longer
BAC RESULTFirst Administrative ActionSecond or Subsequent Administrative Action
Adults 0.0890-Dav License Suspension2-Year License Revocation
Minors 0.0290-Day License Suspension1-Year License Revocation Or Until Age 21 Whichever Is Longer

*Day for day credit for revocation period already served under suspension, revocation, or denial imposed under RCW 46.61.5055 and arising out of the same incident.--RCW 46.20.3101(4).

Ignition Interlock Driver's License, RCW 46.20.385(amended through August 1.2012)
May apply for an ignition Interlock Driver's license upon receiving RCW 46.20.308 notice or upon suspension or revocation. See "Court and Department of Licensing Ignition Interlock Requirements , page 4."

Note: An individual convicted of DUI or physical control will have his/her driving privilege placed in probationary status for five years from the date he/she is eligible to reinstate his/her driver's license (see RCW 46.61.5055 and 46.20.355). An individual granted a deferred prosecution under RCW 10.05.060 will have his/her driving privilege placed on probationary status for five years from the date of the incident, which was the basis for the deferred prosecution (see RCW 46.20.355 and 10.05.060).

REQUIREMENTS FOR REINSTATEMENT OF DRIVING PRIVILEGE
Suspended license* (RCW 46.20.311)Revoked license* (RCW 46.20.311)
  • File and maintain proof of financial responsibility for the future with the Department of Licensing as provided in chapter 46.29 RCW (SR 22)
  • Present written verification by a company that it has installed the required ignition interlock device on a vehicle owned and/or operated by the person seeking reinstatement
  • Pay $150 driver's license reissue fee
  • Driver's ability test NOT required
  • File and maintain proof of financial responsibility for the future with the Department of Licensing as provided in chapter 46.29 RCW (SR22)
  • Present written verification by a company that it has installed the required ignition interlock device on a vehicle owned and/or operated by the person seeking reinstatement
  • Pay $150 driver's license reissue fee
  • Satisfactorily complete a driver's .ability test

*If suspension or revocation is the result of a criminal conviction, the driver must also show proof of either (1) enrollment and satisfactory participation in an approved alcohol treatment program or (2) completion of an alcohol information school, as determined by the court and/or treatment agency.

Court and Department of Licensing (DOL) Ignition Interlock Requirements, RCW 46.20.380, 46.20.385

Ignition Interlock Driver's License. RCW 46.20.380, 46.20.385
Eligible to Apply
  • Conviction of violation of RCW 46.61.502, 46.61.504, or an equivalent local or out-of-state statute or ordinance, 46.61.520(1 )(a), or 46.61.522(1 )(b) involving alcohol.
  • License suspended, revoked, or denied under RCW 46.20.3101.
  • Proof of installed functioning ignition interlock device.
Requirements
  • Proof of financial responsibility CSR 22).
Financial Obligations
  • $100 mandatory fee to DOL.
  • Costs to install, remove, and lease the ignition Interlock device, and $20 fee oer month, unless waived.
DurationExtends through the remaining portion of any concurrent or consecutive suspension or revocation Imposed as the result of administrative action and criminal conviction arising from the same incident.
Operation with Other RequirementsThe time period during which the person is licensed under RCW 46.20.385, shall apply on a day-for-day basis toward satisfying the period of time the ignition interlock device restriction is required under R.CW 46.20.720.

Court Order to Comply with Rules and Requirements of DOL: The court orders the person to comply with the rules and requirements of DOL regarding the installation and use of a functioning ignition interlock (II) device on all motor vehicles operated by the person. If the court orders a person to refrain from consuming any alcohol, the court may order the person to submit to alcohol monitoring and to pay for the monitoring unless the court specifies the cost will be paid with funds available from an alternative source identified by the court. RCW 46.61.5055(5).

Court Ordered Discretionary Ignition Interlock (II) Device: The court may order discretionary II device requirements that last up to the five years jurisdictional limit of the court. The court sets the duration and calibration level. Discretionary II device restrictions begin after any applicable period of suspension, revocation, or denial of driving privileges and after any DOL mandated II device restriction. The court sets the calibration level. RCW 46.20.720(1 ).

Passenger Under Age 16: The Court shall order the installation and use of an II device for an additional six months.

Deferred Prosecution: For application in DUI Deferred Prosecution, see RCW 46.20.720 and RCW 10.05.140, which require II device in a deferred prosecution of any alcohol-dependency based case.

DOL Imposed Ignition Interlock (II) Device - RCW 46.20.720: For all offenses occurring June 10, 2004 or later, DOL shall require that, after any applicable period of suspension, revocation, or denial of driving privileges, a person may drive only a motor vehicle equipped with a functioning II device if the person is convicted of "an alcohol-related" violation of DUI or Physical Control. The DOL required II device is not required on vehicles owned, leased, or rented by a person's employer or on those vehicles whose care and/or maintenance is the temporary responsibility of the employer and driven at the direction of a person's employer as a requirement of employment during business hours upon proof to DOL of employment affidavit. However, when the employer's vehicle is assigned exclusively to the restricted driver and used solely for commuting to and from employment, the employer exemption does not apply. The person must pay a $20 fee per month in addition to costs to install, remove, and lease the ignition interlock device. DOL may waive requirement if the device is not reasonably available in the local area. DOL will give day-for-day credit as allowed by law.

Court - Reckless Driving/Negligent Driving - 1st Degree Sentencing Grid

(RCW 46.61.500, RCW 64.61.5249, RCW 46.20.720 as amended through August 1, 2012)

Reckless Driving
ConvictionQualifications
Reckless Driving (RCW 46.61.500(3)(a)
  • Original charge: Violation of DUI (RCW 46.61.502) or Phys. Control (RCW 46.61.504) or equivalent local ordinance.
  • One or More Prior Offenses within 7 years as defined above.
Reckless Driving (RCW 46.61.500(3)(b)
  • Original charge: Violation of Veh. Homicide (RCW 46.61.520) or Veh. Assault (RCW 46.61.522) committed while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any drug.
Consequences
II Device
  • 6 Months.
  • Restriction remains in effect, until llD vendor certifies to DOL that none of the following incidents occurred within four months before date of release: an attempt to start the vehicle with a BAC of .04 or more; failure to take or pass any required retest; failure of the person to appear at the 110 vendor when required.
  • DOL will give day-for-day credit as allowed by law.
  • Costs to install, remove, and lease the ignition interlock device, and $20 fee per month.
Maximum Jail Time
  • 364 days if convicted of reckless driving.
Maximum Fine
  • $5,000 if convicted of reckless driving.
EHM
  • As ordered.
11 Driver's License
  • As imposed by DOL. May apply for II driver's license if original charge was violation of DUI (RCW 46.61.502) or Phys. Control (RCW 46.61.504) or equivalent local ordinance. If the Defendant is eligible to apply, but does not have a Washington driver's license, the defendant may apply for an II license. DOL may require the defendant to take a licensing examination and apply and qualify for a temporary restricted driver's license.
  • During any period of suspension, revocation or denial, a person who has obtained an II driver' license under RCW 46.20.385 may continue to drive without getting a separate temporary restricted driver's license.
Alcohol/Drug Ed/Victim Impact or Treatment
  • As ordered.
Negligent Driving -1st Degree
ConvictionQualifications
Negligent Driving - 1st Degree (RCW 46.61.5249)
  • One or More Prior Offenses within 7 years as defined above.
Consequences
II Device
  • 6 Months.
  • Restriction remains in effect, until llD vendor certifies to DOL that none of the following incidents occurred within four months before date of release: an attempt to start the vehicle with a BAC of .04 or more; failure to take or pass any required retest; failure of the person to appear at the 110 vendor when required.
Maximum Jail Time
  • 90 days if convicted of negligent driving in the 1st degree.
Maximum Fine
  • $1,000 If convicted of negligent driving in the 1st degree.
EHM
  • As ordered.
Driver's License
  • As imposed by DOL.
Alcohol/Drug Ed/Victim Impact or Treatment
  • As ordered.